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Wider Flamenco Terms

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Term Definition

A type of hoarse, earthy flamenco voice. Not to be confused with afila (one letter 'l'), based on afilada Andaluzian pronuncation, which means cutting or sharp.

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Meaning - stage front. Andalucian pronunciation of por delante, meaning to be in front. Can mean a cantaor whose skills are strong enough to lead at the front and center of the performance stage when use as p'alante.

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A region from southern Spain; birthplace of Flamenco. Consists of the eight provinces of Almeria, Cádiz, Cordoba, Granada, Huelva, Jaén, Málaga, and Sevilla.

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Meaning stage rear. Andalucian pronunciation of p'atras, meaning to be behind. Based on the word por atras, meaning behind.

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A Spanish term representing either sorrow/pain or happiness by the singer based on the context of the act.

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Dancer (male & female)

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The dance

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Movement of the arms during the dance

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Flamenco experts. These individuals fall into a category beyond aficionado and can distinguish the various forms, tempo, beat pattern, and variations on styles. Andalucian term for someone with honour and respect.

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Café cantante

Coffee house with flamenco shows (originally starting with flamenco cante but eventually covering all flamenco forms)

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Percussive instrument similar to an empty wooden box

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Language of the gypsies

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Singer (male & female)

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Cante chico

Light song, more frivolous

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Cante grande

More profound song

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Cante jondo

Deep song covering both the dark and serious aspect of Flamenco

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This is one type of cantiñ which appeared in Cadiz in the mid-19th century. It became strongly associated with Madrid, although it is essentially from Andalucia, like all flamenco music. Curro Cuchares and 'El Tato' who worked in the bull-rings and were also good singers took this style to Madrid where it became very popular. Later it was recreated in a masterly way by Antonio Chacon, who gave it its present brilliance and vitality.

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Type of tonás sung by incarcerated gypsies

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Beat, rhythm, measure, the characteristic rhythm of a form

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Group of flamenco performers, including dancers singers, and guitarists

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Danza Mora

A style influenced by the Moors of North Africa (stands for Moorish Dance); guitar 6th string tuned to D

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Toná with religious overtones

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Section of a dance, as in "desplante por bulerias", performed after the "llamada". May range from several steps to several compass depending on the choreography

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